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Reversing course, Japan will ban all spectators from Olympic venues in and around Tokyo

Earlier, Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga announced that Tokyo’s fourth state of emergency would begin Monday and last until Aug. 22, citing rising infections in the capital and the spread of the highly contagious delta variant.

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Hours after Suga’s announcement, the organizers of the Games outlined their decision about the spectator ban, just two weeks before the Games are due to open July 23.

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Hashimoto, a seven-time Olympian who represented Japan as a cyclist and speedskater, expressed sympathy for the athletes who will have to compete without fans cheering them on, but she said Japan would prepare the stage so they can do their best and their “fantastic performances” can be enjoyed by people all over the world.

They want a lot of people to watch their performance. I know how they feel, but many Japanese people were worried about the covid-19 situation,” she said. “So if a lot of people are opposed to the idea, maybe we should refrain from having spectators — and there are athletes thinking that way as well. ”

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Olympic organizers, working closely with the government, had announced last month that they would allow some domestic spectators to attend events. They capped attendance at 10,000 or 50 percent of a venue’s capacity, but warned at the time that they might change course if infections rose again.

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That’s exactly what happened. A disappointing performance by the ruling party in this past weekend’s municipal elections in the capital, partly blamed on anxiety over the Olympics, may have been the final straw.

The International Olympic Committee and the International Paralympic Committee said they respect Japan’s decision and “support it in the interest of safe and secure Games for everybody.”

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Japan’s patchwork of coronavirus rules can often appear confusing, and the banning of spectators for the Olympics did not bring much more coherence.

Suga asked bars and restaurants not to serve alcohol during the state of emergency — although the city’s shopping streets and commuter trains are likely to remain packed during the daytime, as they have been during previous states of emergency this year.

Japanese professional baseball and soccer have carried on all year with limited numbers of spectators inside stadiums, and they will continue to do so.

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The Olympics, though, have inflamed particular passions here and become a lightning rod for dissatisfaction with the government’s response to the pandemic. Fears have been fueled about foreigners bringing in dangerous strains of the virus and about huge crowds mingling and spreading infections far and wide.

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Tokyo 2020 CEO Toshiro Muto said the Olympics are a higher-risk event than professional baseball because they involve many activities taking place at the same time, bringing many people together from around the world.

The government’s own scientific advisers warned last month that allowing even limited numbers of fans would raise the risk of increased rates of coronavirus infections. Public opposition to proceeding with the Games had waned in recent weeks, but most people still believed the Olympics should be canceled, postponed or should go ahead without spectators, surveys showed.

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The ban will affect all sporting events taking place in Tokyo and in the three neighboring prefectures of Kanagawa, Saitama and Chiba, organizers said. That includes the vast majority of events, such as the Opening and Closing Ceremonies, track and field and swimming.

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Some events held in more distant regions, including earlier rounds of the soccer, baseball and softball competitions and some indoor cycling, to be held in Miyagi, Fukushima and Shizuoka prefectures, will be subject to the 10,000-people or 50 percent cap.

It means Tokyo’s newly rebuilt, 68,000-capacity National Stadium, which was not completed in time for the 2019 Rugby World Cup as initially hoped, will be empty throughout the Games, symbolizing the vast sums of money invested in these Olympics with little reward for the people of Japan or the country’s economy.

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The stadium cost around 157 billion yen ($1.4 billion) to rebuild, according to official figures. The total cost of the Games is officially estimated at $15.4 billion, but government audits suggest the real cost was twice as high. All but $6.7 billion is public money, with the IOC contributing only about $1.5 billion.

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The announcement of the spectator ban also highlights the government’s failure to get its vaccination program underway early enough to allow the Games to take place safely with fans.

The pace of vaccinations picked up significantly in recent weeks, with 52.6 million doses now administered and about 15 percent of the population fully vaccinated.

Yet the contrast with Britain is also remarkable: England beat Denmark in a semifinal of the Euro 2020 soccer tournament in front of about 67,000 fans at Wembley Stadium in London on Wednesday.

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The rate of coronavirus infections in Japan, at fewer than 2,000 new cases a day and about 800,000 in all, is a fraction of the rate in Britain, which had more than 32,000 new cases Wednesday.

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However, the fact that most people in Japan have not been vaccinated means the infections here are seen as proportionately more dangerous, and the daily death toll in Japan, averaging around 20 a day over the past week, is roughly comparable to Britain’s.

Japanese Olympic sponsors are canceling or scaling back booths and promotional events tied to the Games, frustrated by “very last minute” decisions by organizers and delays in deciding on the policy toward spectators, people familiar with the situation told the Reuters news agency.

Some 60 Japanese companies paid a record of more than $3 billion for sponsorship rights and then another $200 million to extend their contracts after the Games were delayed. But they have seen any potential benefits gradually eroded by the bans on attendance, a glum mood and bad vibes surrounding the Games.

Even before the ban it was already gearing up to be a distinctly joyless event for the Japanese people, with spectators told not to shout or cheer, to wear masks and to go straight home after events without even pausing to chat outside venues — with most bars and restaurants closed in the evening anyway. In the end, almost all fans will have to be satisfied with watching the events on television.

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Organizers also announced this week that spectators have even been told to stay away from the marathon and racewalking events, which are due to take place on the northern island of Hokkaido, and they have moved the torch relay off public roads when it reaches Tokyo on Friday. Instead, torch-lighting ceremonies will be held without spectators.

Shigeru Omi, the government’s top health adviser, reiterated his concerns to a parliamentary health committee this week.

“We are asking many people to take steps to prevent further spread of the infection,” he said. “Images of spectators would be sending out a contradictory message.”

The announcement marks a sad culmination of months of agonizing for Olympic organizers and prolonged uncertainty for ticket holders, who paid huge sums of money to attend events in massively oversubscribed lotteries.

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It means Tokyo 2020, as the postponed event is still being branded, is largely going to be a made-for-TV affair, with even its staging in the intense heat and humidity of the Tokyo summer driven by a desire to maximize viewers and advertising revenue in the United States.

Organizers had sold around 4.45 million tickets domestically and 600,000 to overseas fans before the Games were postponed in March 2020. They later received around 810,000 requests for domestic refunds because of the pandemic.

Japan has been desperate to show the world it could proceed with a successful Olympics despite the pandemic, but the specter of empty venues casts a shadow over what should have been a celebration, not just for competitors but also for the Japanese people.

The issue also highlights the controversial decision to postpone the Games for only one year rather than two, which was driven by Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, who gambled that the pandemic would have abated and he would still be around to preside over celebrations this year.

Abe stepped down because of ill health last August. In a magazine interview released this week, he slammed critics who have raised concerns about holding the Games this year, calling the naysayers “anti-Japan.”

Julia Mio Inuma contributed to this report.